What do they eat?
Larvae feed on debris and adult flea droppings.
Adult fleas feed solely on vertebrate blood.
What are the signs of Infestation?
You will probably firstly become alerted to the
fact that your pet may have fleas by its constant scratching.
Your suspicion can then be confirmed either by seeing fleas or
flea droppings in the coat. Flea droppings are small black specks
mainly composed of dried blood, and they are usually seen in clusters
lying next to the skin. They are easy to spot in light coloured
animals by brushing back the hair. In dark coated breeds it may
be better to comb the animal over a sheet of paper onto which
any flea droppings will then fall. The identity of black specks
may be confirmed by adding a few drops of water, if they turn
red, your pet has fleas.
Bites on you or your family members - in humans,
flea bites can produce an allergic reaction. The typical symptom
of a flea bite is a small red spot 5 mm or so in diameter. in
sensitive individuals, however, the response can be worse and
the bite intensely itchy.
Are fleas a health hazard?
In this part of Europe there is little evidence to suggest
that fleas transmit any serious illness to humans. However, flea
bites can cause skin irritation and distress. If in doubt contact
your GP for advice.
How did I get fleas?
In most situations a flea problem in the home is caused by the
cat or bird flea. These are the two most common fleas found today,
followed by the dog flea. (The human flea is extremely rare).
Fleas can be carried into the home by an animal or a person.
How can I prevent flea infestation?
There are many stages involved in treating a flea problem. In
order to treat an infestation successfully the type and source
of the flea needs to be determined. This may require professional
First clear as much floor space as possible, to
ensure that treatment is as thorough as possible.
Vacuuming all areas helps to remove any debris,
eggs, larvae and adult fleas. The vibration of the vacuum cleaner
also helps to stimulate adults to hatch from their cocoon stage.
Pay particular attention to areas where your pet may sleep.
Remember to remove the waste collection bag, from
trhe vacuum cleaner, and to dispose of it in an outside bin as
you may have collected eggs, larvae and adult fleas whilst vacuuming.
The standard treatment for infested premisis is
the application of a residual insecticide, either as a powder
or a liquid spray. The insecticide is applied to all floor surfaces,
and these areas must not be vacuumed or washed for at least 10
days after the treatment, or longer if possible.
Although new adult fleas may still be emerging
from cocoons for up to a month after the treatment, there should
still be sufficient insecticide present to kill them off. In order
to achieve effective control, pets MUST also be treated with a
product approved for veterinary use, NEVER APPLY
INSECTICIDES DIRECTLY ONTO PETS. Pets bedding should be
thoroughly washed at a high enough temperature to kill off all
stages of the fleas development.
When purchasing an insecticide you must always
follow the manufacturer's safety instructions. Do not use insecticide
dusts on beds.
Please contact us if you require